Hajj is the 5th pillar of Islam and it is compulsory as soon as in an entire life on each in a position Muslim. The Hajj is the pilgrimage to Makkah, in Saudi Arabia, it takes place in the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth month inside the Islamic Calendar. The quantity of pilgrims is almost 3 hundreds of thousands every yr, which make it the most important annual pilgrimage in the international.
Pilgrims come normally in agencies as sign of team spirit. They travel from all around the international to Makkah; the number of overseas pilgrims in 2008 became 1,729,841 in line with the royal embassy of Saudi Arabia. The authorities of Saudi Arabia, installed the ministry of Hajj, which is the authority that is involved with the implementation of the State coverage related with Hajj, pilgrims and performers of Umrah.
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Institute for Hajj Research (CTHMIHR) commenced as a research unit at King Abdul Aziz University (KAU) in Jeddah in 1975 underneath the name of he Hajj Research Centre (HRC). In 1983, the HRC turned into officially transferred from KAU to Umm Al-Qura University (UQU) in Makkah.
The foremost purpose of HRC become to establish an data financial institution about the Hajj. Up till 2006, the wide variety of studies for CTHMIHR totaled 4 hundred and 90 three. The institute objectives are:
To set up a Hajj data bank that serves as haji plus a comprehensive educational reference for all kinds of data and facts.
To develop an incorporated historical archive, supported with research, documents, pictures, movies, maps and historical manuscripts about Hajj occasions, the Holy Makkah and Madina.